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@rd|fWl~d| @g~ mh` sm|pYq`y

a#@mrQk`nR m`nv vQq&`ZykO vR @rd|fWl~d| mhw` vQsQn~ iqQrQpw~ krn lq InQy` mh` sm|pYq`y h` cRl sm|pYq`y pQLQb[v apQ s`kc|j` kr a#w~@wmR. @m| pYv`qy sQAhl p`Tky`t h[En~v` qEn~@n~, iAgQrQsQ@yn~ wQbR pYv`qy kQsQqE vQc`rykt lk~ @n` kr sQAhlt prQvr\wny kr InQy` ugOwn~ awr pYclQw kQrWmt ktyRwO k@L~ mh`c`r\y eqQrQvWr src|cn~qY mhw` y. m`r\tQn~ vQkYmsQAh mhw` @mn~ m src|cn~qY mhw` q sQAhl p`Tky`t ym| ym| h[En~v` qWm| kr a#w. e~ @q@qn` m sQAhl sAs~k^wQy g#n @m`n @q~ lQyRv q avs`n vX@yn~ @s~vy kr a#w~@w~ bthQr kQYs~wQy`nQ nRwn~wvyt y.

@rd|fWl~d| mhw` @g~ pYv`q@yhQ hry vR@y~ a#w#m| rtk a#wQ InQy` mh` sAs~k^wQyk smhr aAg a@nk~ rtvl a#wQ InQy` cRl sAs~k^wQn~ ytpw~ krmQn~ p#wQr y$m y. i@gn gw~wvRn~ y#yQ kQyn~nn~ @gn~ v#dQ pQrQsk~ mh` sm|pYq`y g#n adR wrmQn~ as` vw~ a#w#yQ apQ sQwmR. ovRn~ mhw~ axQr#cQykQn~ @m| sAkl~py @y`q` gn~n` a`k`r@yn~ @pnW yn~@n~ ovRn~t e~ g#n vQX~v`syk~ a#wQ bv y.

mh` sm|pYq`y, mh` sAs~k^wQy a`qW sAkl~p avs`n vX@yn~ @s~vy krn~@n~ bthQr yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ sAs~k^wQyt y. @rd|fWl~d| @g~ pYv`q@yhQ armRN bthQr yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ sAs~k^wQy @l`~ pRr` pYclQw kQrWm yRk~wQ yRk~w kQrWm y. aq vQvQ{ m`r\gvlQn~, @q~Xp`ln kQYy` m`r\gyk~ @ls sAs~k^wQk a{QpwQv`qyk~ @ls vrpYs`q, sm|m`n a`qQy pQrQnmmQn~ sms~wyk~ @ls gw~ kl bthQr q#nRm @l`~ pRr` pYclQw @k@ryQ. whvRr# @k@ryQ.

v#dvsm| yRg@y~ nQr\m`Nyk~ vR bthQr X`s~wWYy sAgWwy q pYclQw @k@rn~@n~w~ whvRr# @k@rn~@n~w~ e~ sAgWwy nQr\m`Ny kLvRn~ @g~ qk;w`vkt @h`~ sAgWw@yhQ a#wQ rsykt @h`~ vd` @q~Xp`ln h` sAs~k^wQk a`{Qpw&@y~ bl mhQm@ynQ. ym| ayRrkQn~ x`rwyt @l`~k a`{Qpw&yk~ wQbQNQ nm| bthQr rtvl q a{QpwQv`qQW X`s~wYWy sAgWwy vnR@y~ uw~wr x`rwWy r`g{`rW sAgWwy y.

bthQr vQq&`v h` e~ mw pqnm| vR bthQr @@vq& vQq&`v q a#wOU bthQr w`k;Ny (@@vq& vQq&`v q w`k;Nyk~ bv amwk @n` kL yRwO y.) aq pY{`n q#nRm| pq~{wQy bvt pw~ vW a#w~@w~ q ehQ a#wQ vQs~km| gONyk~ nQs` @n` v e~ pQtRps bthQr @q~Xp`ln h` sAs~k^wQk a`{Qpw&y a#wQ b#vQnQ. bthQr vQq&`v h` bthQr gNQwy iw` m qEr\vl n&`yk~ (logic) h` qr\Xnyk~ mw @g`dn#MW a#w. e@hw~ e~ a@nk~ sQylR q#nRm| pq~{wWn~ mr\qny krmQn~ n#MW sQtQn~@n~ a`{QpwQv`qW @q~Xp`lny h` sAs~k^wQy @h~wO @k`t@gn y.

@rd|fWl~d| @g~ sAkl~pvlt h` mwv`qvlt mRlQk vX@yn~ pQLQg#nWmk~ l#@bn~@n~ q e~ h` sm|bn~{ @q~Xp`ln h` sAs~k^wQk a`{Qpw&y @h~wO @k`t@gn y. e~ sQylR mwv`q bthQr vQX~v vQq&`l os~@s~ @l`~k@y~ a@nk~ rtvl vQX~v vQq&`lvlt v&`p~w @k@ryQ. a@nk~ rtvl up`{Q pQLQg#@nn~@n~ e~ vQX~v vQq&`l bthQr rtvl~ pQLQgn~n` mwv`q sAkl~p a`qQy ugn~vn~@n~ nm| pmNkQ. InQy` pQLQg#nWm yn~n ap @n`q#nRvw~ v m ap p`lny kQrWmt @y`q` g#@nyQ. a@p~ rtvl vQX~v vQq&`l up`{Q avsn~ vX@yn~ pQLQg#@nn~@n~ kvRr#n~ vQsQn~ q? e~ iw` p#h#qQlQ y. ap e~ pQLQg#nWm lb`gw yRw~@w~ bthQr rtvlQn~ y. enm| bthQr vQX~v vQq&`lvlQn~ y. ehQ qW ap ovRn~t avX& q$ ig#n~vQy yRwO y.

aq @l`~k@y~ sAs~k^wWn~ pYclQw @k@rn~@n~ e~ sm|bn~{@yn~ bthQryn~ vQsQn~ nQr\m`Ny @krW a#wQ m{&m pAwQyk~ a#sR@rn~ y. @m| m{&m pAwQyt e~ e~ rtvl a`{Qpw&yk~ l#bW a#w. e~ a`{Qpw&y ovRn~t lb` qW a#w~@w~ ovRn~ swO q#nRm h` a`r\}Qk Xk~wQy @h~wO @k`t@gn y. aq vn vQt bthQr vQX~v vQq&`lyk up`{Q{`rQykOt lAk`@v| pY`cWn pN~dQw prWk;N@yn~ smw~ aykOt vd` pQLQg#nWmk~ @vyQ. @m| pQLQg#nWm l#bW a#w~@w~ up`{Q@y~ gON`w~mkx`vy v#dQ nQs` @n` v bthQr @q~Xp`ln h` sAs~k^wQk a`{Qpw&y @h~wO @k`t@gn y.

rtk m{&m pAwQy vQsQn~ mwv`qW n`ykw~vy spynR l#@byQ. a@p~ r@tQ mwv`qW n`ykw~vy vQX~v vQq&`l, p`sl~ h` jnm`{& os~@s~ m{&m pAwQ@yn~ s#p@yyQ. eq` mwv`qW n`ykw~vy spynR l#bR@v| pQrQ@vn~ h` pn~sl os~@s~ xQk;Rn~vhn~@s~ vQsQnQ. e@hw~ aq xQk;Rn~vhn~@s~ @g~ n`ykw~vy hRqE n`mQk n`ykw~vyk~ bvt pw~ kQrWmt uw~s`h g#@nyQ. xQk;Rn~vhn~@s~ qrn mwy jnm`{y os~@s~ pYc`ry @k@rn bv s#b$ y. e@hw~ aq e~ a#w#m| mwykt svn~ @qn~@n~ kvrhR q? aq wr#N wr#NQyn~ ~@gn~ kW @q@nk~ a{&`pnQk kr#Nk~ sm|bn~{@yn~ avv`qyk~ up@q~Xyk~ lb`g#nWmt pn~slt yw~ q? q#nRm| sm|bn~{@yn~ gw~ kl xQk;Rn~vhn~@s~t a#wQ a`{Qpw&y kv@r\ q? xQk;Rn~vhn~@s~ @vnRvt r`j& @n` vn anRk`rk ugw` h` vQX~v vQq&`l a`c`r\yvry` a`@q~X kQrWmt uw~s`h g#@nyQ.

e@hw~ @myQn~ kQy#@vn~@n~ xQk;Rn~vhn~@s~ @g~ sAs~k^wQk a`{Qpw&y mRUmnQn~ m n#wQ vW @g`s~ a#w y yn~n @n` @v|. aq @l`~k@y~ mh` sm|pYq`y bthQr kQYs~wQy`nQ nRwnw~v@yhQ sm|pYq`y y. ey e~ e~ rvlt m{&m pAwQ@yhQ q a{&`pnQk sm|pYq`y bvt pw~ @krW a#w. e@hw~ @rd|fWl~d| @g~ mwv`qy axQ@y`~gyt lk~ krmQn~ wvmw~ e~ e~ rtvl @vnw~ sm|pYq`yn~ q kQYy`w~mk @vyQ. vQ@X~;@yn~ m m{&m pAwQk @n` vn pAwQyk~ os~@s~ e~ a@nk~ sm|pYq`yyn~ kQYy`w~mk @vyQ.

e@hw~ pRqEmy ey @n` @vyQ. m{&m pAwQy q a#w#m| avs~}`vl bthQr InQy` mh` sm|pYq`y vR kQYs~wQy`nQ sm|pYq`y@yn~ @vn~ vW cRl sm|pYq`y @ls h#[Qn~@vn @vnw~ sm|pYq`yyn~hQ ktyRwO kQrWm y. uq`hrNyk~ @ls @mrt m{&m pAwQy gw @h`w~ ehQ s`m`jQkyn~ q xQk;Rn~vhn~@s~ q ekt v#d krn avs~}` q#kQy h#kQ @vyQ. ehQ qW xQk;Rn~vhn~@s~ @g~ n`ykw~vy anRgmny krmQn~ m{&m pAwQy kQYy` krn~@n~ y#yQ apQ @n` kQymR. ehQ qW sQqE vn~@n~ m{&m pAwQy h` xQk;Rn~vhn~@s~ ekt ek r`mRvk~ wOL v#d kQrWm y.

@mrt a#w#yQ kQyn jnv`r\gQk pYX~ny eyt uq`hrNyk~ @vyQ. m`k~s~v`qy a#sR@rn~ h` lQbrl~v`qy a#sR@rn~ avRl~ @l`vk~ nQr\m`Ny kr @mrt sQAhlyn~ vQ@X~;@yn~ m sQAhl @b_q~{yn~ a@nk~ jn vr\g mr\qny kr a#wQ bvt mwyk~ pYclQw kQrWmt bthQr ugwOn~ smw~ vW a#w. e@hw~ aq @m| mwy pQLQgnR lbn~@n~ @mrt m{&m pAwQ@y~ iw` sRU pQrQsk~ vQsQn~ pmNkQ. @m| pQrQst m`{&@yhQ a`{Qpw&yk~ lb` qW a#w. eb#vQn~ ovRn~ @g~ mw @w`r@w`~AcQyk~ @n`m#wQ v u@q~ hvs pYc`ry @k@ryQ. e@hw~ m{&m pAwQ@y~ q bhRwry aq e~ mwy @n` pQLQgnQyQ. e~ bhRwry h` xQk;Rn~vhn~@s~ @vnw~ ek m mwyk~ qrnR q#kQy h#kQ y.

bthQr sAs~k^wQy @q~Xp`lnQk h` a`r\}Qk a`{Qpw&y os~@s~ a@p~ r@tQ q @vnw~ InQy` wOn~v#nQ @l`~k@y~ rtvl q bthQr ugwOn~ anRkrNy krn m{&m pAwQyk~ @g`dng` a#wQ nmRw~ e~ m{&m pAwQyt sm`j@y~ vQvQ{ blwl, vrpYs`q hQmQ kr a#wQ nmRw~ bthQryn~t a#w#m| v#qgw~ kr#NRvl qW pv` wm mwy e~ m{&m pAwQyt k`v#q~qWmt @n`h#kQ vW a#w. ap s`kc|j` kQrWmt bl`@p`@r`w~wO vn~@n~ @m| h` sm|bn~{ vd`w~ s`{`rNWy vR kr#NkQ. sAs~k^wWn~ nQr\m`Ny vn~@n~ h` p#wQr yn~@n~ @k@s~ q?

@m| pYX~nyt vd` s`{`rN (genaral) pQLQwOrk~ avX& vn~@n~ bthQryn~ vQsQn~ pYc`ry @k@rn a#w#m| @b`r# @hLQqrv| kL yRwO v q a#wQQ b#vQnQ. bthQryn~ @n` en~nt @mrt mRs~lQm| a`{Qpw&ykt @g`qEr# vWmt id wQbRNQ. q? apQ p#h#qQlQ v m n#w#yQ kQymR. a@nk~ awt bthQryn~ p#mQNQ@y~ @mrt bRq~{`gm a`rk;` kQrWmt a#wQ vR yhpw~ @c|wn`vk~ krn @k`t@gn q? mRs~lQm|vr#n~t q vd` qr#NR kYm up@y`~gW kr gnQmQn~ bRqE ssRn n#sWmt kQYy` kL p^wOgWsQn~t ssRn n#wQ kr k@w`~lQk a`gm @mrt pYclQw kQrWmt @n`h#kQ vR@y~ a#yQ? mvRpQyn~ k@w`~lQk a`gm v#L[ @n` gw @h`w~ Lqr#vn~ ud vQsQ kr ovRn~ v#@tn vQt kdRv a#l~lWmt wr\jny kL q, @vnw~ kYm anRgmny kL q, pRr\N r`j& bly @yqEv q, p^wOgWsQn~t k@w`~lQk a`gmt hrv`gw h#kQ vR@y~ sQAhlyn~ @gn~ kW@yn~ kW @qn` q? mRs~lQm| a`kYmN@yn~ bRqE ssRn @b|r` gw~@w~ p^wOgWsQn~ y#yQ kQyn pVQyn~ bRqE ssRn p^wOgWsQn~ @gn~ @b|r`gw~@w~ ln~@q~sWn~ y#yQ q, e~ ln~@q~sWn~ @gn~ @b|r` gw~@w~ iAgQrQsQn~ y#yQ q kQyn~@n~ q? sQylR vrpYs`q qW q, sQAhl @b_q~{yn~t kL h#kQ uprQm hQrQh#r vqhQAs` kQrW@mn~ psRv q, r`j& bly pRr\N v @yqW@mn~ psRv q a@b_q~{ vR sQQAhlyn~ @g~ pYwQXwy adR v pvwQn~@n~ kQnm| blmhQmykQn~ q?

mQhQ[E hQmQyn~ @mrtt v#dm kQrWmt @pr @mhQ @b_q~{yn~ sQtQ bv q#ng#nWmt vQX`rq pVQ @m`Lyk~ avX& @n` @vyQ. bRqEn~vhn~@s~ @mrtt v#dm k@L~ nm| ekl q @mhQ @b_q~{yn~ @n` vW y#yQ kQyn~@n~ @k@s~ q? ap pRn pRn` kQy` a#w~@w~ @q~v`nm|pQywQs~s rjR qvs sQqE vR@y~ @mrt nQl vX@yn~ bRqE ssRn pQhQtRvnR l#bQNQ y yn~n y. @q~v`nm|pQywQs~s rjR @b_q~{ykO vW bN as` a`r`m pRj` kr q#n~ @mrt bRqE ssRn pQhQtRvnR l#bQNQ q#yQ mQhQ[E hQmQyn~ @gn~ vQmsR kl un~ vhn~@s~ pQLQwOr# qEn~@n~ "n#w" ynR@vnQ. rtk @b_q~{yn~ sQtW@mn~ pmNk~ e~ r@thQ bRqE ssRn pQhQtRvnR @n` l#@byQ. mQhQ[E hQmQyn~ pvs` a#w~@w~ r@thQ upn~ aykO p#vQqQ vW upsm|pq` vW {r\my @q~Xn` kQrW@mn~ pmNk~ r@thQ bRqE sRsn pQhQtRvnR l#@bn bv y.

@q~v`nm|pQywQs~s rjR @gn~ psRv @mrt bRqE smy p#wQrQ gQ@y~ r`j&nRgYhy l#bRNR nQs` y#yQ a#w#m| pVQ@y`~ kQywQ. e@s~ nm| k@w`~lQk p^wOgWsQn~ e~ r`j&`nRgYhy as~ kr k@w`~lQk a`gmt r`j&`nRgYhy lb` qW@mn~ psRv p^wOgWsQn~t ytw~ vR @p@qs~vl k@w`~lQk a`gm l#v| gQn~nk~ @s~ p#wQr y` yRwO y. e@hw~ e~ e@s~ @n` vW y. aq @l`~k@y~ InQy` mh` sm|pYq`y kQYs~wQy`nQ sm|pYq`y vW wQbQy qWw~ ap wvmw~ @b_q~{ sAs~k^wQ@yhQ jWvw~ vn~@n~ a#@mrQk`nRvn~ @g~ kr#N`vk~ nQs` q? e@s~w~ n#w~nm| @rd|fWl~d|t v#rqENR nQs` q? apt pQLQwOr# qWmt sQqE vW a#w~@w~ @m| a`qW vR sQylR pYX~nvlt y.

mh`c`r\y nlQn~ q sQl~v`