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iAgQrQsQyn~ q sQAhlyn~ @g~ a`gm h[En~v` qW a#w~@w~ bRq~{`gm h` @q~v`gm ynR@vnQ. udrt gQvQsRm ynR@vn~ h#[Qn~@vn gQvQsR@mhQ bRq~{`gm h` @q~v`gm rFkWmt iAgQrQsQhR @p`@r`n~qE vR h. ovRn~ e~ @p`@r`n~qEv v#dQkl~ gw vWmt @pr k#dR nmRw~ in~ sQAhl bRq~{`gm g#n ymk~ kQy#@vyQ. g#mRNR rjRt @pr sQt m sQAhl bRq~{`g@mhQ @qvQyn~ q vR bv a#w#m| o|l~ktQ @b_q~{yn~t @n` v#t@hyQ. g#mRNR rjR eL`r rjR smM yRq~{yt @pr kwrgm @q~v`lyt @g`s~ mh@sn~ @qvQyn~t pRq pRj` pvw~v` a#w. e@s~ krn~nt a#w~@w~ yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ swOtR kQrWmt pmNk~ @n` v mh@sn~ @qvQyn~ q sQAhl bRq~{`gmt a#wOLw~ vW sQtQ b#vQn~ vQy yRwO y.

@k`w~m@l~ pY@q~X@yhQ pvw~n` jnpYv`qykt anRv g#mRNR kOmr# ehQ gQ@y~ ehQ jWvw~ vR yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ wmn~ @vwt nm|mv` g#nWmt bv @@vq& cn~n jysRmn mhw` pvsyQ. ehQ ym| sw&w`vk~ a#w#yQ sQwQy h#kQ y. @k@s~ @vww~ @m| kr#NR sQyl~@ln~ p#h#qQlQ vn~@n~ pVRab` rjR qvs yk; @g`~wQYkyn~ r`j& bly lb`gw~ bv @n` v yk; @g`~wQYkyn~ @gn~ pQrQsk @g~ q sh`y a#wQ v ewOm` sQAhl j`wQy @g`dn#gWm a`rm|x kL bv y. g#mRNR kOmr# @g~ bQsv q @k`w~m@l~ pY@q~X@y~ yk; @g`~wYQk k`n~w`vk bv kQy#@vyQ. mh`vAXy @b`@h`~ vQt @mrt rjvr#n~ @g~ yk; @g`~wYQk bQsvRn~ g#n nQhV vWm @w~r#m| gw h#kQ y.

in~ psRv q sQAhl j`wQ@yn~ pQtw sQtQ ar\{ @@vqQkyn~ pQrQsk @g~ h` yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ pQrQsk @g~ ekwO@vn~ g#mRNR rjwOm` sQAhl j`wQy h` r`j&y wvw~ whvRr# kr a#w. ewOm` sQAhl @b_q~{ r`j&y @mrt pQhQtRv` apt alQKQw v&vs~}`vk~ q lb` qW a#w. 1815 qW gQvQsRmkQn~ iAgQrQsQn~t rt x`r @qn wOr# m ap p`lny @kr#@N~ e~ v&vs~}`vt anRv y. iAgQrQsQn~t vRv q e~ v&vs~}`v mRUmnQn~ m amwk kQrWmt @n`h#kQ vR bv sQAhl iAgQrQsQ gQvQsR@mhQ bRq~{`gm h` @q~v`lgm rFkWmt h` sQAhl nQwWy anRv rt krvQmt iAgQrQsQn~ @p`@r`n~qE vW@mn~ p#h#qQlQ @vyQ.

g#mRNR kOmr# rj vW sQAhl @b_q~{ r`j&y pQhQtRvW@mn~ psRvw~ a#w#m| yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ sQAhl j`wQ@yn~ b`hQr v jWvw~ v sQtQ bv @pnW yyQ. @mhQ qW mwkyt n#@gn v#qgw~ crQw @qkk~ @vyQ. e~ sWgQrQ k`X&p rjR h` mh@sn~ rjR y. @m| @q@qn` m aq`L rjvr#n~ @g~ yk; @g`~wYQk bQsvRn~ @g~ pRwOn~ y#yQ kQy#@vyQ. ekl sQAhl rjvr# yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ @g~ sh`y wvqErtw~ lb`g#nWm s[h` yk; @g`~wYQk bQsvRn~ q srNp`v` gn~nt a#w#yQ vQX~v`s kL h#kQ y. @m| vQv`h @h~wO @k`t@gn yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ @g~ sh`y @b`@h`~ vQt sQAhl r`j&yt l#@bn~nt a#wQ nmRw~ a#w#m| avs~}`vl e~ prht sQtQ bv q @pnW yyQ.

e@s~ vW a#w~@w~ yk; @g`~wYQk bQsv @g~ pRw~ kOmr#vkO Xk~wQmw~ vR avs~}`vl qW y. ev#nQ avs~}`vl qW e~ pRw~ kOm`rvr# rjkmt tQk klkt @h`~ pw~ vWmt smw~ vR h. k`X&p rjR @mhQ qW mh@sn~ rjRt q vd` vQ@X~;w~vyk~ qryQ. mh@sn~ rjRt @qtRwQs~ rjR @gn~ psRv rjkm l#bRNR nmRw~ k`X&p rjRt e@ls ur#m@yn~ rjkm l#bRNR bvk~ s[hn~ @n` @vyQ. ohR rj vW a#w~@w~ ur#myt vd` Xk~wQy h` bly @y`q`gnQmQn~ y. a#w#m| vQt ur#m@yn~ (v#dQmhl~ kOmr# @ls) ohRt hQmQ v wQbR rjkm g#nWmt mRgln~ kOmr# kOmn~wYNyk~ kL` vQy h#kQ y. ehQ qW k`X&p rjR @g~ yk; sAs~k^wQyt wQbR a#l~m ohRt vQr#q~{ v sQtQy` vQy h#kQ y. k`X&p rjR @mn~ m mh@sn~ rjR q yk; @g`~wYQkyn~t sh yk; sAs~k^wQyt v#dQ a#l~mk~ q$k~vR bv @pnW yyQ.

@m| @q@qn` m mh`vAXyt anRv bRqEqhmt pk;p`wW @n` vR bv @pnW yyQ. a#w#m| vQt ovRn~ @q@qn` m adR m wrmQn~ mRl~ k`lvl qW @}rv`q bRqEqhmt vQr#q~{ vn~nt a#w. psR k`@lk sWw`vk r`jsQAh rjR q wm @b_q~{km aw~h#r a#w. sQAhl iwQh`s@yhQ @b_q~{km aw~h#rQ @h`~ @b_q~{ @n` vR @h`~ @b`r#vt @b_q~{ vR @h`~ rjvr#n~ g#n lQy#vW a#w~@w~ ewrm| sRhqw~vykQn~ @n` @vyQ. @my bl`@p`@r`w~wO vQy h#kQ ww~w~vykQ. g#mRNR rjR @g~ sQAhl @b_q~{ r`j&@yhQ @n` lQy#vRNR v&vs~}`v anRv @mrt rj vQy yRw~@w~ @b_q~{@ykQ. ohR @}rv`qW @b_q~{ykO vWm q anQv`r\y vQy.

aq pv` ww~w~vy e@s~ m y. sQAhl @b_q~{ sAs~k^wQ@yhQ @n` vn~nkOt @mrt jn`{QpwQ @h`~ ekg nm| agm#wQ @h`~ vWmt @n`h#kQ y. nRvr yRg@yhQ n`yk~k`r v`AXQkyn~t rj vWmt h#kQ vR@y~ @b_q~{ vW@mn~ psRv y. ovRn~ a#w#mkO @b_q~{ vR@y~ @b`r#vt bv q p#h#qQlQ y. e@mn~ m vr\wm`n yRg@yhQ iAgQrQsWn~ sQAhl @b_q~{yn~ @n` vn~nn~ @mrt n`ykw~vyt pw~ kQrWmt uw~s`h q$r$ nmRw~ e~ sQylE uw~s`h avs`n@y~ qW pr`jy vQy. @j~. a`r\. jyvr\{n mhw` @mn~ m a#s~. db|lQv|. a`r\. dW. bN~d`rn`yk mhw` q bRqEqhm v#L[gw~ h. ovRn~ v&`j @b_q~{yn~ vW y#yQ @myQn~ @n` kQy#@vyQ. @m| ww~w~vy lAk`vt pmNk~ sWm` vRvk~ @n` vn bv q p#h#qQlQ krgw yRwO y.

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