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pVRab`

yk; @g`~wQYkyn~ mRl qW n`g @g`~wYQkyn~ @mn~ ik~mnQn~ bRqE qhm v#L[ @n` g#nWm hQwUvk~ @n` @vyQ. s`w`gQr, @h~mvw nm| yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ @q@qn` bRqE qhm h` bRqEn~ vhn~@s~ @k@rhQ p#h#qW@mn~ @pn~vn~@n~ @p_q~glQkv ovRn~ e~ @k@rhQ q$k~vR l#qQkmk~ mQs @p`qE@v| yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ bRqE qhm @k@rhQ q$k~vR a`kl~py @n` @vyQ. q$nRm| pq~{wWn~ nQr\m`Ny kQrW@m| qW ap pLmRv q$ngw yRw~@w~ vQ@X~;y s`{`rNw~v@yn~ @vn~ kr h#[Qn g#nWm y. vQ@X~;y s`{`rNw~vy @ls s#lkW@mn~ apt q$nRm| pq~{wQyk~ nQr\m`Ny kL @n`h#kQ y.

a#w#m|hR @b`@h`~ kr#NR qnQwQ. e@hw~ e~ kr#NR awr a#wQ sm|bn~{y @w~r#m| g#nWmt ovRhR asmw~ @vwQ. kr#NR (qw~w) os~@s~ s`{`rNw~vy kmk~q$yQ q$n g#nWmt sQylE kr#NR h#q#rQy yRwO @n` @vyQ. qw~w awr a#wQ sm|bn~{ h` rt` @w~r#m| g#nWmt avX& vn~@n~ w`r\kQk Z`nyk~ @n` v pYwQh`n (Intutive)- Z`nykQ. a#w#m| vQt eyt an~wr\ Z`nyk~ y#yQ q kQy#@vyQ. pYwQh`nyk~ @n`m#w~w` @kwrm| kr#NR q$ngw~w q s`{`rNy kL h#kQ avs~}`vl e~ s`{`rNy kQrWmt (Generalise)- @n` qnQyQ.

qBqQv a#w#m| bY`h~mN@y`~ q bRqE qhm v#L[ gw~ h. s#rQyRw~, mRgln~ agY XY`vk vhn~@s~ @qnm upwQs~s, @k`~lQw nmQn~ vR bY`h~mN wr#N@y`~ @q@q@nk~ vR h. e@hw~ epmNQn~ apQ bY`h~mNyn~ @p`qE@v| gw~ kl bRqE qhmt a#qW a` bvk~ @n` kQymR. bY`h~mNyn~t @p`qE@v| gw~ kl, enm| s`{`rNWy vX@yn~, bRqE qhmt a`kr\;Ny vWmt @n`h#kQ vQy. e~ ovRn~ @g~ cQn~wny bRqE qhmt avX& vR cQn~wnyt vd` @b@hvQn~ @vns~ vWm @h~wO@vnQ.

yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ bY`h~mNyn~ wrmt m bRqE qhm @n` pQLQgw~@w~ y#yQ apQ @n` kQymR. e@hw~ ovRn~ @p`qE@v| gw~ kl bRqE qhmt a`kr\;Ny vR@y~ iw` m mn~qg`mWv y. mQhQ[E mh rhwn~ vhn~@n~ v#dm kr avRr#qE @q qhs~ wOn~ sQyykt v#dQ k`lyk~ @gvW a#ww~ wvmw~ a@nk~ sQAhl @b_q~{yn~ @mn~ bRqE qhm pQLQp#qWm pYwQ@k;~p krn~@n`~ yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ @gn~ p#vw en~nn~ awr @vwQ. e~ yk; @g`~wYyt swO a`@v|NQk lk;Nyk~ @h~wO @k`t@gn y. ovRhR wm cQn~wny @vns~ kr g#nWmt ewrm| k#m#w~wk~ @n` qk~vwQ.

bRqEn~ vhn~@s~ @g~ mhQyAgn yk; qmny h` yk;yn~ gQrQ qQvyQnt pQtw~ k@L~ y#yQ kQyn kw`vlQn~ @pn~nRm| krn~@n~ yk;yn~ h` bRqE qhm awr a`rm|x@y~ qW ym| vQrskyk~ wQbR bv y. @my k`lyw~ smM kYm@yn~ n#wQ vn~nt a#w. e@hw~ s`w`gQr, @h~mvw pRvwQn~ q$k~@vn~nt vd` s`{`rNw~vyk~ @mhQ @vyQ. yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ ek~@knkOt @q@qnkOt @n` v iw` vQX`l pQrQskt bRqE qhmt a`kr\;NWy x`vyk~ @n` wQbR bv @m| kw`vlQn~ q$ngw h#kQ y. n`gyn~ bRqEn~ vhn~@s~t @mrtt v#dm krn @ls a`r`{ny kr a#wQ nmRw~ yk;yn~ bRqEn~ vhn~@s~t ev#nQ a`r`{nyk~ kr @n`m#w.

n`gyn~ @g~ cQn~wny bRqE qhmt pth#nQ @n` @vyQ. bRqE qhm upw l#bR@y~ q @@vqQk cQn~wny ewrm| pYclQw @n` vR qBqQv n#@gnhQr h` Is`nqQg pY@q~Xvl y. ehQ n`g @g`~wYQk@y`~ v`sy kL h. aq q vswQ. e@hw~ yk;yn~ @g~ cQn~wny @vnw~ m cQn~wnyk~ vQy. ovRhR wm cQn~wn@yn~ b#h#r vR@y~ e@s~ @n` kr b#rQ avs~}`vk qW pmN y. ev#nQ avs~}`vl ovRhR wm cQn~wny m[k~ sA@X`~{ny krn~nt a#w.

@p`qE@v| gw~ kl yk;yn~ bRqE qhm @n` pQLQgw~w q klQn~ s[hn~ kL a`k`ryt s`w`gQr, @h~mvw v#n~@n`~ @p_q~glQkv bRqEn~ vhn~@s~ @k@rhQ p#h#qEN h. e@hw~ in~ kQy#vn~@n~ s`{`rN vX@yn~ gw~ kl yk;yn~ bRqE qhm pQLQgw~@w~ y yn~n @n` @v|. @b_q~{ s`hQw&@yhQ s`m`n& vX@yn~ gw~ kl yk;yn~ g#n s[hn~ vn~@n~ ewrm| yhpw~ a`k`rykt @n` @vyQ. eyt @h~wO vn~nt a#w~@w~ yk;yn~ bRqE qhm pQLQg#nWmt q$k~vR vQr#q~{w~vy y#yQ apt s`{`rNy (t#b#r\ks|#- kL h#kQ y.

bY`h~mNyn~ h#r#NR @k`t bRqE qhm pQLQg#nW@mhQ l` vQr#q~{w~vyk~ q$k~vR pQrQsk~ @vw~ nm| e~ yk;@y`~ y. yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ p#vQqQ vR avs~}` @b_q~{ s`hQw&@yhQ s[hn~ w#n~ vQrl @v| y#yQ sQwmQ. bY`h~mN v`AXQkyn~ wrmt vw~ yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ p#vQqQ vW n#w#yQ anRm`n kL h#kQ y. @mhQ qW bY`h~mNyn~ h` yk;yn~ @k`pmN e~ qvs qBqQv sQtQ@y~ q yn~n q$ng#nWmt wQbRNQ nm| apt vd`w~ p#h#qQlQ cQwYyk~ mv`g#nWmt h#kQ vWmt wQbRNQ.

ap s`kc|j` krmQn~ sQtQn~@n~ iwQh`s@y~ sAkWr\N kQYy`q`mykQ. x`rw@yn~ bRqE qhm n#wQ @vw~qW lAk`@v| bRqE qhm p#vwO@n~ @k@s~ q? @mrt iwQh`sy sks~ vW a#w~@w~ @k@s~ q? sQAhl j`wQ@y~ sm|xvy kOmk~ q a`qW pYX~n r`XQykt sAgw pQLQwOr# qW@m| avX&w`v apt a#w. ehQ qW yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ ynR kvRq, ovRn~ @g~ cQn~wny @kb[E vW q, pVRab` (ab` @n` @v|, ab` ynR hWbY$ x`;`@vn~ pQy` y#yQ kQy#@vyQ. sQAhl@yn~ bQy n#wQ @h`~ bQy n#wQ kL yn ar#w @vyQ. e@hw~ pVRab`t iwQh`s@y~ psRgQy sQyvs~ vQsQ hwrk pmN k`lyk~ mRUl~@lhQ ab` y#yQ kQy#vW n#w.) ynR kvRq? pVRab` sQAhl j`wQ@y~ nQr\m`w^ y#yQ ap kQyn~@n~ a#yQ? ohR a#w#mRn~ kQyn prQqQ sQAh v`AXQkyn~ G`wny k@L~ q? e@s~w~ n#w~nm| sQAh v`AXQk pQrQs~ q ekwO krgnQmQn~ sQAhl j`wQy nQr\m`Ny @k@L~ q?

@m| a`qW pYX~nvlt ek~ pQLQwOrk~ wvw~ pQLQwOrk~ smM asAgw (prs~pr) @n` vn ayRrQn~ pQLQwOr# qWmt ap uw~s`h gw yRwO y. ap q$nt qW a#wQ pQLQwOr# sAgw y#yQ apQ sQwmR. yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ g#n h#q#rWm @mhQ qW iw` m v#qgw~ @vyQ. ovRhR @k`@h~ sQt p#mQNQ@y`~ q? ovRn~ @g~ cQn~wny kOmk~ vW q? aq vn wOr#w~ yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ @gn~ p#vw en~nn~ y#yQ kQv h#kQ pQrQs~ s`m`n& sQAhl @b_q~{yn~ @mn~ bRqE qhm pQLQp#qWmk~ @n` krn~@n~ a#yQ?

yk; n`g @mn~ m ar\{ @@vqQkyn~ a`qWn~ q ekwO krgnQmQn~ pVRab` nQr\m`Ny kL sQAhl j`wQyt a#wOLw~ vR n`gyn~ g#n in~psR ewrm| kr#NR ap s`hQw&@yhQ s[hn~ @n` @vyQ. n`gyn~ mRUmnQn~ m sQAhl vW y#yQ apt sQw`gw h#kQ y. e@hw~ yk;@y`~ e@s~ @n` @vwQ. sQAhl j`wQyt a#wOLw~ vW@mn~ psRvw~ ovRn~t sQAhl j`wQy smM pYX~n wQbR bv iwQh`s@yn~ @pnW yyQ. g#mRNR rjR @g~ k`l@y~ qW q a#w#m| yk;ykOt pYX~n wQbR bv p#h#qQlQ y. e@hw~ qB@qNQ yRgy vn vQt @m| pYX~n vQs[W yk;yn~ pRr\N vX@yn~ m sQAhl j`wQy smM b#[W a#w#yQ sQwQy h#kQ y.

sQAhl j`wQ@y~ sm|xvy aq apt v#qgw~ vn~@n~ aqw~ ap j`wQy @g`dn#gWm @n` v vr\{ny kQrWm pQLQb[ pYX~nyt m#qQhw~ vW sQtQn b#vQn~ y. j`wQy vr\{ny kQrW@m| qW apt pVRab` v#qgw~ vn~@n~ a#yQ? m` @w~r#m|gn~n` a`k`ryt pVRab` kQsQ m jn @k`tsk~ l`ny (G`wny) @k@L~ n#w. ohR @k@L~ sQylE jn @k`ts~ ekwO kQrQm mQs ek~ jn@k`tsk~ @h`~ kQhQpyk~ @h`~ n#wQ kQrWm @n` @v|. ohR a@p~ kl`pyt alRw~ m r`j& kYmyk~ s~}`vr v pvw~v`@gn y$mt kQy` qEn~@n~ y.

e~ an~ kQsQvk~ @n` v ek~@s~sw~ r`j&yyQ. x`rw@yhQ q ek~@s~sw~ r`j& sAkl~py @n` wQbRN` @n` @v|. e@hw~ ehQ e~ r`j& sAkl~py vQ{Qmw~ v kQYy`w~mk @n` vW y. x`rw@yhQ vR vQvQ{w~vy @h~wO@vn~ ek~@s~sw~ r`j&yk~ kQYy`w~mk kL h#kQ v wQbR@N~ bly @yqW@mnQ. pVRab` @b_q~{ykO @n` vR bv p#h#qQlQ y. e@hw~ ohR bRqE qhm h` bRqEn~ vhn~@s~ g#n q$n sQtQ bv nQs#k y. ohR @g~ mv @g~ mv vR xq~qkc|c`n` kOmrQy X`k& vAXQk kOm`rQk`vk~ vRv` y. vQdRDx rjR vQsQn~ X`k&yn~ G`wny kQrW@mn~ psRv p`N~dy @q~Xyt p#ngw~ X`k& vAXQkyn~ @gn~ p#vw a` kOmrQyk vR a#y lAk`vt p#mQN a#w~@w~ prQbY`jQk`vk @s~ @vs~vL` @gn y.

in~ kQy#@vn~@n~ prQbY`jQk`vn~ @mrtt a`gn~wOk @n` vR bv y. e~ @m| kl`p@y~ sm|pYq`yt ayw~ vQy. e~ ar\{ @@vqQkyn~ @g~ sm|pYq`y @n` vW y. k`n~w`vnt sm`j@y~ w#nk~ @n` qEn~ bY`h~mNyn~ prQbY`jQk` sm|pYq`ykt idk~ @q~ y#yQ sQwQy @n`h#kQ y. e~ @k@s~ @vww~ xq~qkc|c`n` kOmrQy @g~ p#mQNW@mn~ psRv pVRvs~@qv| rjR a#y @m@hsQy krgw~@w~ y. in~psR a#@g~ s@h`~qr@y`~ q lAk`vt p#mQNQ@y`~ y. qWG`yR kOmr` in~ ek~ a@ykQ. pVRvs~@qv| rjR qQG`yR kOmr` qWGv`pQyt y#vW y.

pVRvs~@qv| rjRt h` xq~qkc|c`n @q~vQyt pRwOn~ qs @qnkO h` qQyNQyk l#bRNQ. v#dQmhl~ pRwO axy vR awr qQyNQy cQwY` vQy. r$mw~ a#y un~m`q cQwY` nmQn~ pYsQq~{ vQy. ar\{ @@vqQk n#k#w~kr#@v`~ a#yt pRwkO l#@bn bvtw~ ohR m`m`vr#n~ mr` rjkm gn~n` bvtw~ an`v#kQ pL k@L`~ y. @m| an`v#kQy @h~wO@vn~ a#@g~ @s`@h`yR@r`~ pQyrjR lv` a#y ek~t#m| @gyk

rF[vR h. @mw#nt en @wk~ mh`vAX@yhQ s[hn~ kw`v @b`@h`~ @qn` pQLQgnQwQ. an`v#kQy g#n s[hn~ @n` kL q qWpvAXy q @mhQ qW mh`vAXy smM vQr#q~{ @n` @vyQ. mh`vAXyt avRr#qE sQyykt pmN klQn~ lQy#vW a#wQ qWpvAXy sAk;Qp~w y. qWpvAXy ek~@k`~ sAk;Qp~w v lQy#vW a#w. e@s~w~ n#w @h`w~ e~ lQvW@mn~ psR jnpYv`qyt ek~ vR kw` r`XQykQ. sms~wyk~ @ls gw~ kl mh`vAXyt ek~ vR jnpYv`q @h~wO@vn~ pVRab` kw`@vhQ, enm| pYv`q@yhQ ar\}k}n, ar\}nQr$pN @vns~ vn~@n~ cQwY` kOmrQy ek~t#@mhQ jWvw~ vWm a#rBW@mn~ psRv y.

apQ e~ @vns~km| psRv s`kc|j` krmR. q$nt kQvyRwO pY{`n m kr#N vn~@n~ mh`vAX@yhQ, qWpvAX@yhQ @h`~ mh`vAX atRv`@vhQ pVRab` pQLQb[ ab` nmQn~ h#[Qn~vWmk~ @n` @k@rn bv y. e@hw~ kw`v, enm| pYv`qy e~ e~ k`lyt avX& an~qmt sks~ vW a#wQ bv ehQ a#wQ @vns~km|vlQn~ p#h#qQlQ y. aq pVRab` yn~n ab` @ls @vns~ vn~@n~ nm| eyt @h~wOv ev#nQ @vnsk~ ym| pQrQskt avX& vWm y. ey @q~Xp`ln h` sAs~k^wQk avX&w`vkQ.

mh`c`r\y nlQn~ q sQl~v`