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mQhQ[E mh rhwn~ vhn~@s~ @mrt v#dm kL sm@yhQ @mhQ a{&`pny bmRNn~ x`r@y~ wQbQNQ y#yQ upkl~pny kQrWm yRk~wQ yRk~w @vyQ. pN~dRk`xy kOmr# X`s~wYy i@gn gw~@w~ pN~dRl nm| bY`h~mNykO @gn~ y. @m| bmRNn~ ar\{ @@vqQkyn~ smM sQyvs~ hy hwk~ wQs~@s~ lAk`vt p#mQNQ ay vQy yRwO y. ar\{ @@vqQkyn~ pRr\N @@vqQkyn~ @n` vRN q, ym| bmRNR a`{Qpw&yk~ sAs~k^wQk @k;wY@yhQ wQ@bn~nt a#w. pN~dRk`xy kOmr#n~ @gn~ psRv e~ vn vQt s~v@q~XQkyn~ bvt pw~ v sQtQ yk; @g`~wYQkyn~t ar\{ @@vqQkyn~ @g~ @q~Xp`ln a`{Qpw&y bQ[Wmt h#kQ vRvw~ sAs~k^wQk a`{Qpw&y bQ[Wmt @n`h#kQ vW a#w.

@mhQ qW yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ g#n q @ktQ s[hnk~ kL yRwO y. yk;yn~ q lAk`vt h` qBqQvt p#mQN a#w~@w~ aq ir`ny nmQn~ h#[Qn~@vn pr\sQy`@vn~ y. ovRn~ kvr q` qBqQvt h` lAk`vt sAkYmNy vW q$yQ nQX~cQw v kQv @n`h#kQ nmRw~ a`r\yyn~ p#mQNWmt sQyvs~ kQhQpykt @pr p#mQN a#wQ bv p#h#qQlQ y. yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ @g~ mRl~bQm pr\sQy`vt bthQ@rn~ wQbW a#wQ bv p#h#qQlQ y. @m| pQLQb[v wvqErtw~ kr#NR h#q#rQy yRw~@w~ a@p~ iwQh`syt e~ blp`n b#vQn~ y. ap klQn~ s[hn~ kr a#wQ prQqQ eL`r rjR q pr\sQy`@vn~ psR k@lk p#mQNQ rjkO vQy h#kQ y.

qBqQvt h` lAk`vt p#mQNQ yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ e~ e~ pY@q~Xvl kw` kL x`;` i@gn gn~nt a#wQ nmRw~ wm sAs~k^wQk lk;N aw~ @n` hrQn~nt a#w. ovRn~ a@nk~ an`r\y @g`~wYQkyn~ @gn~ ym| ym| q# gn~nt a#wQ mRw~ mRl~ sAs~k^wQk lk;N e~ a`k`r@yn~ m pvw~v`@gn yn~nt a#w#yQ sQwQy h#kQ y. e~ bv apt whvRr# vn~@n~ yk; @g`~wYQkyn~ bRqE qhmt q$k~vR vQ@r`~{`kl~pyn~ @h~wO @k`t@gn y. bmRNn~ h#r#NR vQt bRqEqhmt vd`w~ m vQr#q~{ vR@v`~ yk;@y`~ vR h. a`lvk yk; qmny @mn~ m mhQyAgn yk; qmny q apt @mhQ qW v#qgw~ @vyQ. yk;yn~ h` bY`h~mNyn~ awr q pYX~n wQbRN` nQs#k y.

lAk`@v| qW pN~dRk`xy rjR @XY~;~Tw~vyt pw~ vR@y~ ewOm` @mhQ v`sy kL sQylE @g`~wY ekwO kr ek~ j`wQyk~ nQr\m`Ny kQrW@mnQ. x`rw@y~ eq` @h`~ in~ @pr @h`~ psRv @h`~ kQsQ m rj @knkOt ev#n~nk~ kL @n`h#kQ vQy. ehQ kQsQ qQ@nk, {r\m`@X`~k rjR k`l@y~ pv`, kQsQ m j`wQk r`j&yk~ a#wQ @n` vW y. ehQ wQbR@N~ v`AXQk r`j&y pmNkQ. iAgQrQsQn~ p#mQN mRU in~qQy`v ekwO kr r`j&yk~ pQhQtRvn wOr# j`wQk r`j&yk~ ehQ @n` vW y. iAgQrQsQn~ pQhQtRvR j`wQk r`j&@yhQ ek~ x`;`vk~ @h`~ sAs~k^wQyk~ @h`~ @n` vW y.

e@hw~ lAk`@v| e@s~ @n` vW y. pN~dRk`xy rjRt mRU rt m ek~@s~sw~ kQrWmt h#kQ vQy. @mhQ v#qgw~ m vcny ek~@s~sw~ yn~n y. a#w#m| vQt e~ sAkl~py lAk`@vn~ m bQhQ vRvk~ vQy h#kQ y. ehQ bthQr nRwn ekWy r`j&yk a#wQ lk;N q ym| a`k`rykt vQvQ{ bl vQvQ{ a`ywnvl, pY@q~Xvl @g`nR kQrWmk~ q vQy. bly @bqWmt vd` a`ywn @g`nR kQrWm yn sAkl~py apQ @mhQ qW iqQrQpw~ krmR. bly @bqWm yn~@nn~ aqhs~ krn~@n~ ek~ w#nkt, a`ywnykt hQmQ vR bly @vnw~ a`ywnvlt @bq` qWm y. e~ @bq` qEn~ a#w#m| blwl a`psR g#nWmt h#kQ vn ayRrQn~ @h`~ @n`h#kQ vn ayRrQn~ @h`~ e~ kQYy`w~mk kL h#kQ y.

@fdrl~ @hvw~ sn~{Wy r`j&yk~ nQr\m`Ny vn~@n~ ihw kYm@yhQ vQr#q~{y @ls y. ehQ qW s~v`{Wn v p#v#wQ r`j& kQhQpyk~ ek~ vW e~ e~ r`j&vl a#w#m| blwl wm wmn~ @vw m wb`gnQmQn~ ek~ m{&m r`j&yk~ pQhQtRv`gnR l#@byQ. e~ wm wmn~ @vw r[v`gnR l#bR bly m{&m r`j&yt @n` p#v@ryQ. e~kWy r`j&yk q @bq` qEn~ bly a`psR gw @n`h#kQ nm| e~ r`j&y sn~{Wy r`j&ykQn~ mRlQk vX@yn~ @vns~ @n` @vyQ. e~kWy r`j&ykt avs`n vQgYh@y~ qW ym| ww~w~vyn~ yt@w~ pY`n~wvlt a#wQ blwl "m{&yt" lb`g#nWmt h#kQ @vyQ.

ek~ @s~sw~ r`j&yk blwl @g`nR vW a#wQ vQvQ{ a`ywn ek~ @s~swk~ ytwt g#@nyQ. ek~ @s~sw~ yn~n sAs~k^wQ@yn~ e~kCwY @vyQ. eyQn~ kQy#@vn~@n~ ek~ kOdyk~ yn~n y. ey nQv#rFqQ @n` vQy h#kQ y. @s~sw yn~n v#rFqQ prQvr\wnyk~ os~@s~ e@s~ kOdyk~ bvt pw~ vQNQ q yn~n @s`y` b#lQy yRwO y. e~ kOmk~ vRvw~ @mhQ qW ek~ @s~swk~ ytwt g#@nn~@n~ e~ e~ a`ywn mQs e~ e~ a`ywn swO blwl @n` @v| y#yQ sQwQy h#kQ y.

mRU rtt m blp`n prQqQ nWwQ (v&vs~}`v q a#wOLw~ y#yQ kQymR. g#mRNR rjR @g~ @n` lQy#vRNR v&vs~}`v iAgQrQsQn~ p#mQN @vns~ krn @wk~ mRU rtt m vlAgO vR v&vs~}`v @vyQ) p#nvWm p#h#qQlQv m rjR @g~ k`r\yyk~ vQy. vl~lQpRrm| rn~p@wn~ @mn~ m lAk`v pRr` m a#wQ @sl~ lQpQvlQn~ p#h#qQlQ vn~@n~ eyyQ. @q~Xp`ln bly wQbR@N~ rjRt y. e~ smM b#[Q v&vs~}`q`yk bly q rjR swO vQy. e@hw~ a`r\}Qk h` sAs~k^wQk blwl @vnw~ a`ywnvlt q hQmQ vQy.

rjR @vnR@vn~ yRvrjvr#, a$p`vr#, m`p`vr# e~ e~ rtvl~ (r#hRNR, m`y`, pQhQtQ a`qW vX@yn~) krvR h. mRU r@tQ m a`r\}Qky m{&gw v h#sQrvWmk~ @n` vW y. e~ e~ pY@q~Xvl @g`vQw#n~ krn~@n~ kOmk~ q @k@s~ q a`qQy e~ e~ pY@q~Xvl a`q`L a`ywn vQsQn~ @krQNQ. e@s~ vRvw~ rjR q avX& a`r\}Qk ktyRwOvl qW m#qQhw~ vQy. g#mRNR kOmr# qQg`mdRl~l v#vWm s[h` wQs~s kOmr# pQtw~ kr h#rQ@y~ y.

e@hw~ @m| sQyl~lt m vd` sAs~k^wQy sm|bn~{@yn~ gw~ kl rjRt vd` xQk;Rn~ vhn~@s~ pY{`n vR h. rjR mh` vQh`ryt h` a@nk~ vQh`rs~}`nvlt idkdm| a#wOU @n`@ykOw~ @q~ pRj` k@L~ y. @b`@h`~ vQt e~ s`AGQk pRj` vQy. rjR pmNk~ @n` v @s@nvQvr#n~ h` @vnw~ pYxSn~ q xQk;Rn~ vhn~@s~t @ln~ pRj` kL bvt @sl~lQpQvlQn~ kQy#@vyQ. e@hw~ pRj` @h~wO@vn~ xQk;Rn~ vhn~@s~ @g~ s~v`{Wnw~vy n#wQ @n` vW y. un~vhn~@s~ rjR @g~ anRX`skyn~ vhn~@s~ mQs rjR @gn~ v#tRp~ @h`~ qWmn` lbn~@n`~ @n` vR h. un~ vhn~@s~ mRr@qv| pmNk~ @n` v gOr#vr# q vR h.

@m| s~v`{Wnw~vy bthQr rtvl vQX~vvQq&`l sm|pYq`@y~ q ym| pYm`Nykt vQy. bthQr rtvl vQX~vvQq&`l pQhQtRvnR l#bR@y~ k@w`~lQk sAs~k^wQ@yhQ h` k@w`~lQk cQn~wn@yhQ y. e~ vQX~vvQq&`l k@w`~lQk pl~lQyt vQr#q~{ v @n` yn w`k~ kl~ kQsQqE pYX~nyk~ @n` vW y. e~ ar\}@yn~ ym| s~v`{Wnw~vyk~ vQX~vvQq&`lvlt hQmQ vQy. e@hw~ vQX~vvQq&`l k@w`~lQk cQn~wnyt pth#nQ v y$mt ptn~ gw~ kl @m| s~v`{Wnw~vy axQ@y`~gyt lk~ vQy. pLmR vQX~vvQq&`ly iw`lQ@y~ a`rm|x vR nmRw~ gWYk yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ cQn~wny vQX~vvQq&`lvl cQn~wny bvt pw~ vWmw~ smM p`p~ vhn~@s~ @g~ a`{Qpw&yt yt vRNR iw`lQ@y~ vQX~vvQq&`lvlt vr\{ny vW@m| pYX~n a#wQ vQy.

in~psR vQX~vvQq&`l vr\{ny vR@y~ pY{`n vX@yn~ m eAgln~w@y~ y. eAgln~wy gWYk yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ cQn~wnyt @w`~w#w~nk~ vQy. eAgln~w@y~ ok~s~fr\d| h` @k~m|bQYj~ vQX~vvQq&`lvlt vQX`l vX@yn~ m{&k`lWn {nvwOn~ @gn~ prQw&`g l#bW wQbRN b#vQn~ e~ vQX~vvQq&`lvlt kQYs~wQy`nQ a`gmt h` sAs~k^wQyt ayw~ rjR @gn~ h` r`j&@yn~ ym| s~v`{Wnw~vyk~ (~Autonomy) hQmQ vQy. ap amwk @n` kL yRwO kr#N nm| vQX~vvQq&`l s~v`{Wnw~vy kQYy`w~mk vR@y~ gYWk yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ cQn~wnyk yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ sAs~k^wQyk bv y. ym| cQn~wnyk h` ym| sAs~k^wQyk kQYy`w~mk vn a`ywn e~ sAs~k^wQyt h` cQn~wnyt vQr#q~{ v @n` yn w`k~ g#tlR p#n @n` ngQyQ. @k@s~ @vww~ m{&k`lWn {nvwOn~t iAgQrQsQ vQX~vvQq&`lvlt blp$m| kL @n`h#kQ vQy.

e@hw~ e~ ww~w~vy bthQr kQYs~wQy`nQ nRwnw~v@yhQ qQgQn~ qQgt m pvw~v`@gn y$mt @n`h#kQ vW wQ@b|. vQ@X~;@yn~ m a#@mrQk` ek~sw~ jnpq@yhQ vQX~vvQq&`lvlt a`{`r l#bR@N~ yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ sAs~k^wQyt ayw~ {nvwOn~ @gnQ. avX& nm| ovRnt {npwQyn~ y#yQ kQv h#kQ y. ovRn~ prQw&g k@L~ a`@y`~jny yn sAkl~pyt b`hQr v @n` @v|. nv {nvw~wO p#rNQ {nvwOn~t vd` @vns~ vR h. wmn~ a`@y`~jny kL {ny @vnR@vn~ ovRhR ymk~ bl`@p`@r`w~wO vR h. e@mn~ m wmn~ @g~ m sAs~k^wQyk vR a`ywnvlt blp$m| kQrQmt @m| {nvwOn~t h#kQy`vk~ vQy. ehQ pYwQPly vW a#w~@w~ aq bthQr vQX~vvQq&`lvlt ekl eAgln~w@y~ vQX~vvQq&`lvlt wQbR s~v`{Wnw~vy ahQmQ vWm y. epmNk~ @n` @v|. bthQr nRwnw~v@yhQ vr\wm`n@yhQ qW vQX~vvvQq&`l ynR wvqErtw~ anRklQw (Intergrated`- a{&`pnyk~ lb` @qn a`ywn @n` @v|. bthQr nRwnw~vyt g#l@pn prQqQ m aq vQX~vvQq&`lvl pWT ekQ@nkQn~ @vn~ vR a`ywn bvt pw~ vW a#w.

e@mn~ m pr\@y~;N sm|bn~{@yn~ aq vQX`l a`@y`~jnyk~ kQrWmt sQqE vW a#wQ b#vQn~ e~ pr\@y~;N vQvQ{ pr\@y~;N a`ywnvl avX&w` anRv sQqE @k@ryQ. a#@mrQk` ek~sw~ jnpq@yhQ pr\@y~;N s[h` hmRq`vlQn~ a`{`r krn bv @b`@h`~ @qn` @n` qnQwQ. kl`kr#vn~t InQy` s~v`{Wnw~vyk~ wQbQy yRwO y#yQ pvsn pYbRq~{@y`~ aq @l`~k@y~ bthQr vQq&`Zynt s~v`{Wnw~vyk~ n#wQ bv @n` qnQwQ. e@ls rj@yn~ h` @vnw~ a`ywnvlQn~ @vn~ vR s~v`{Wnw~vyk~ n#wQ vQX~vvQq&`l sms~wyk~ @ls gw~ kl aq bthQr kQYs~wQy`nQ nRwnw~v a`k^wQ@yhQ kQYy`w~mk @vyQ.

bthQr vQX~vvQq&`lvl s~v`{Wnw~vy e@s~ pQrQhW a#wQ b#vQn~ aq e~ a`ywn bthQr kQYs~wQy`nQ nRwnw~v@y~ m a`yR{ bvt pw~ vW a#w. @m| a`ywnvlQn~ g#lWlQ@y`~ l` v#n~nn~ bQhQ @v| y#yQ sQwn~nt aphsR y. g#lWlQ@y`~ vQq~vw` k@w`~lQk cQn~wn@y~ a`ywn vR vQX~vvQq&`lvl ugn~vmQn~ e~ cQn~wnyt pth#nQ mw pL @k@L~ y. e@hw~ vr\wm`n bthQr vQX~vvQq&`lvlQn~ ev#n~nk~ bl`@p`@r`w~wO vQy @n`h#kQ y. aq bthQr vQX~vvQq&`lvlQn~ @k@rn~@n~ v#dQ m vRv @h`w~ sRsm`qr\XW (Paradigmatic)- @vns~kmk~ pmN y. cQn~wnykt sRsm`qr\Xykt vd` g#BRr# pqnmk~ a#w. bthQr vQX~vvQq&`lvlt gWYk yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ cQn~wny @vnRvt vQkl~p cQn~wnyk~ a#wQ kQrWmtw~ bthQr nRwnw~v@yn~ g#lvWmtw~ @n`h#kQ y. InQy` pX~c`w~nRwnv`qW kw` @b`r# mns~g`w vn~@n~ eb#vQnQ.

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