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mh`vQh`ry h` v`rNy

mh`vQh`r@yn~ eq` mh`y`nyt v#t b#[Wm a#w#mkO InQy` pYj`wn~wYv`qyt pth#nQ y#yQ kWmt id a#ww~ sQAhl @b_q~{ sAs~k^wQy sm|bn~{@yn~ gw~ kl mh`vQh`rQk xQk;Rn~ vhn~@s~ kL @q~ nQv#rFqQ y. e~ p#h#qQlQv m mh`y`nyt e@rhQ v p#nvR v`rNyk~ vQy. ym| ym| @q~t v`rN p#nvWm @n` kL yRwO @qyk~ @n` @vyQ. aq q e~ e@s~ m y. e@hw~ aq a#wQ w`k;Ny anRv v`rN p#nvWm a#w#mRn~ sm|bn~{@yn~ kQYy`w~mk kQrWm aphsR vW a#w. eyt @h~wOv w`k;Ny smM nWwQy vr\{ny @n` vWm mQs a@nkk~ @n` @vyQ.

vQvQ{ sAs~k^wWn~ sAs~k^wQk a`kYmN hmR@v| q wmn~ @g~ sAs~k^wQyt wr\jnyk~ vn avs~}`vn~hQ qW q v`rN pnvnR q$kQy h#kQ y. aq @mrt sQtQn @b`r# pYbRq~{yn~ iAgQrQsQ @p`wk~ pwk~ kQyv` @h`~ @n` kQyv` @h`~ @w~r#m|@gn @h`~ n#wQv @h`~ InQy` kl` v`rNvlt vQr#q~{v @brQhn~ @qnR qk~nt a#w. ovRn~t anRv InQy` kl`kr#vn~t o|n$ m @qyk~ nQr\m`Ny kQrWmt avs~}`v lb` qQy yRwO y. e@hw~ e~ @vnR@vn~ ovRnt s`r\}kv @pnW sQtWmt @n`h#kQ y. mWnQm#r#m| h` @vnw~ apr`{ yRk~wQyRk~w krn h` e~ apr`{ kL yRwO y#yQ kQy#@vn InQy` kl` k^wQyk~ nQr\m`Ny kQrWmt o|n$ m kl`kr#vkO y#yQ kQy`gn~n` aykOt nQqhs wQbQy yRwO q? v#dQqEr y$mt @pr s[hn~ kL yRw~@w~ ym| kQYy`vk~ apr`{yk~ vn~@n~ sAs~k^wQykt s`@p~k;v bv y. ek~ sAs~k^wQyk apr`{yk~ @ls s#l@kn kQYy`vk~ @vnw~ sAs~k^wQyk apr`{yk~ @n` vWmt id a#w.

ym| kQYy`vk~ apr`{yk~ vn~@n~ q n#w~ q yn~n sAs~k^wQy mw pr`yw~w vn vQt (`#c#b`Q-, nQr@p~k; v`s~wvQk apr`{ n#wQ vQt sAs~k^wQykt wmn~t avX& a`k`ryt @vns~ vWmt id qQy @n` yRwO q? @mhQ qW @b`r# pYbRq~{yn~ kQynR a#w~@w~ wm kl`k^wQy nQr\m`Ny kL yRwO q n#w~ q yn~n wWrNy kL yRw~@w~ kl`kr#v` bv y. e@hw~ @mhQ qW pYX~nyk~ p#n ngW. InQy` kl`kr#v` e~ wWrNy gn~@n~ @k@s~ q? @m@l`v kQsQvk~ nQr@p~k; @n` vR kl ymk~ nQr\m`Ny kL yRwO q n#w~ q yn~n hRqE @p_q~glQk wWrNyk~ @n` @vyQ. o|n$ m pRq~glykO swO hr pq~{wQyk~ @vyQ. ek~ ek~ ay @g~ hr pq~{wQy adRv#dQ vX@yn~ @vnw~ ay @g~ hr pq~{wWn~ @gn~ @vns~ @vyQ. wm` @g~ hr pq~{wQ@yhQ pQhQt` jn smRhyk~ @vnR@vn~ wWrN gn~@n~ @k@s~ q?

e@hw~ @mhQ a#wQ xy`nk m kr#N vn~@n~ pRq~glykO @g~ hr pq~{wQy, a`c`r {r\m a`qQy e~ pRq~gly` @p_q~glQkv pmNk~ nQr\m`Ny kL q# @n` vWm y. aq @mrt sQtQn @b`r# pYbRq~{yn~ @g~ hr pq~{wWn~ h` a`c`r {r\m mRUmnQn~ m @mn~ bthQr yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ sAs~k^wQ@yhQ nQr\m`Ny vW a#w. wmn~ @g~ m vR hr pq~{wQyk~ nQr\m`Ny kr g#nWmt @m| @b`r# pYbRq~{yn~t @n`h#kQ vn~@n~ ek~ p#w~wkQn~ ovRnt e~ s[h` avX& nQr\m`N Xk~wQy @n`m#wQ vWm @h~wO@vnQ. a@nk~ awt @p_q~glQk hr pq~{wWn~t k;NQkv sm`j@yn~ pQLQg#nWmk~ @n` l#@byQ.

eb#vQn~ @m| @b`r# pYbRq~{@y`~ kQnm| @h`~ v#lk el~lWmt uw~s`h krwQ. ovRhR ehQ qW bthQr yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ sAs~k^wQ@yhQ a`c`r {r\mvlt h` hr pq~{wQyt InQy` v`s~wvQkw~vyk~ a`@r`~pNy krwQ. ey q ovRn~ @g~ k`r\yyk~ @n` v ovRn~ @g~ bthQr s~v`mQvr#n~ @g~ k`r\yykQ. @m| @b`r# pYbRq~{yn~t ev#n~nk~ @h`~ nQr\m`Ny krgw @n`h#kQ y. aq @l`~k@y~ wQ@bn pY{`n m pYX~ny vW a#w~@w~ bthQryn~ @g~ a`c`r {r\m h` hr pq~{wQ a#wOU q$nRm v`s~wvQk q$nRmk~ @ls h[En~v` qWm y. @m| iw` m qr#NR gN@y~ sAs~k^wQk ytw~vQjQwv`qykQ. bthQryn~ wmn~ @g~ q$nRm ap mw ptvn~@n~ wm q$nRm ek m h` InQy` v`s~wvQk q$nRmk~ y#yQ kQymQn~ y.

@vnw~ sAs~k^wQykQn~ ap mw p#t@vn~nk~ ap x`rgw yRwO q n#w~ q yn~n wWrNy kL yRw~@w~ ap y. e~ s[h` apt v`rNy @y`q` g#nWmt sQqE @vyQ. mh` vQh`ry mh`y`nyt v#t b#[W@mn~ ev#nQ v`rNyk~ p#nvW y. bthQryn~ @g~ a`c`r {r\m h` hr pq~{wQy ap mw b@ln~ ptv` @mrt InQy` kl`kr#vn~ @g~ a`c`r {r\m bvt e~ pw~ kr ovRn~ apt kQyn~@n~ InQy` kl`vt v`rN @n` wQbQy yRwO bv y. evQt ap sAs~k^wQy a`kYmNy krmQn~ a@p~ sAs~k^wQy n#wQ kQrWmt uw~s`h krn InQy` kl` k^wQvlt ap sm|pRr\N@yn~ m @q`rtR vQv^w kL yRwO y. InQy` kl`kr#vn~ kQyn~@n~ wmn~t kl` k^wQ nQr\m`Ny kQrWmt pRr\N nQqhs wQbQy yRwO bv y. e@hw~ @l`~k@y~ kQsQ m kl`kr#vkOt pRr\N nQqhsk~ n#w. o|n$ m kl`kr#vkO wm nQr\m`N krn~@n~ wm aw~q$kWm| mw pqnm| @vmQnQ. ohR @g~ kl` nQr\m`Ny ohR @g~ aw~q$kWm|vlQn~ h` ohR lb` a#wQ @vnw~ q$nR@mn~ sWm` @vyQ. @ktQ@yn~ kQv @h`w~ kl` nQr\m`N kl`kr#v` @g~ sAs~k^wQ@yn~ sWm` @vyQ.

ap r@tQ sQtQn InQy` kl`kr#vn~ @g~ sAs~k^wQy kOmk~ q? ovRhR @b`@h`~ @qn` bthQr sAs~k^wQ@y~ pQt@p`w~w awg$@v`~ @vwQ. bthQr sAgWwy g#n pRrs`rm| @q`dn~nn~t hrQhmn~ bthQr sAgWw KN~dyk~ nQr\m`Ny kQrWmt @n`h#kQ y. a@nk~ InQy` kl`kr#vn~ @g~ ww~w~vy q e@s~ m y. m$wk~ vn wOr# m lAk`@vn~ bQhQ vRNR iAgQrQsQ s`hQw&yk~ @n` vW y. @m| bv av@b`~{ krgw~ @mrt bQrQw`nQ kvRn~sQly (British Council)- @vnw~ ay smM q ekwO vW iAgQrQsQ nvkw`vlt w$gW qW@m| kYmyk~ sks~ kr a#w. ovRhR q$n~ InQy` l`AkQk iAgQrQsQyk~ g#n kw` krwQ. lAk`@v| s$m q` m wQbR@N~ lAk`vt a`@v|NQk vR iAgQrQsQyk~ mQs ok~s~fr\d| iAgQrQsQyk~ @n` @vyQ. eq` e~ InQy` l`AkQk iAgQrQsQ@yn~ lQy#vRNR nvkw` @n` wQbR rtk @m| @l~Kkyn~ hqQsQ@y~ phL vR@y~ @k@s~ q?

@m| @vnw~ kQsQvk~ @n` v bthQr sAs~k^wQk ytw~vQjQwv`qy wv wvw~ whvRr# kQrW@m| v$ymkQ. iAgQrQsQ@yn~ lQyn @l~Kkyn~ phL vRv` @n` v ev#n~@n`~ nQr\m`Ny krnR l#b sQtQwQ. bthQr sAs~k^wQyt aq`L a`k`ryt nvkw` lQyv` InQy` kwOvr#n~t w$gQ qW ovRn~t a#gyWmk~ lb` qWm @mhQ armRN @vyQ. @mrt nQpqvn a#w#m| cQwYptQvlt q w$gQ @qn~@n~ @m| armR@Nn~ y. e~ cQwYptQ a#gyW@m| mQnRm| qN~d bthQr mQnRm| qN~d @vyQ. e~ os~@s~ a@p~ sAs~k^wQy n#wQ kQrW@m| bthQr ytw~vQjQwv`qy qQgQn~ qQgt m kQYy`w~mk @vyQ. ehQ qW ap ym|kQsQ v`rNyk~ p#nvRv @h`w~ eyt vQr#q~{v InQy` kl`@v| nQqh@s~ n`m@yn~ @b`r# pYbRq~{@y`~ uq~@G`~;Ny krwQ.

e@hw~ bthQr@y`~ iw` sQyRm| @ls wm rtvl v`rN pvw~v`@gn ywQ. ovRn~ eq` kLw~ aq cQwYptQyk~ whnm| @n` krnR a#w. ovRn~ krn~@n~ ev#nQ kl` k^wQ InQy` vQc`rkyn~ mMQn~ nQr\qy vQ@v|cnyt lk~ kQrWm y. vQc`rky` yn~n q bthQr nQr\m`NykQ. lAk`@v| @b`r# pYbRq~{yn~ @gn~ nQwr asn~nt l#@bn kr#Nk~ nm| @mrt vQc`rkyn~ @h`~ vQc`r kl`vk~ @h`~ n#wQ bv y. vQc`rky` yn~n @k@s~ ar\}vQvrNy kL q vQc`rky` @gn~ avs`n vX@yn~ @k@rn~@n~ bthQr rtk qW nm| wm sAs~k^wQyt ekM v kl` k^wQyk~ a#gyWm y. emMQn~ itR vn~@n~ bthQr rtvl sAs~k^wQyt ekM k^wQ pQLQg#nWmw~ bthQr sAs~k^wQyt vQr#q~{ k^wQ pYwQ@k;~p vWmw~ y. @vnw~ ayRrkQn~ kQv @h`w~ vQc`rky` ynR ek~wr` a`k`rykQn~ gw~ kl v`rN kwOr @y`q`gn~@nkQ. bthQr sAs~k^wQyt vQr#q~{ k^wQ bthQr vQc`rky` awQn~ v`rNyt lk~ @vyQ.

bthQryn~ h` @mrt ovRn~ @g~ nQ@y`~jQwyn~ @m| kQymnt vQr#q~{ vnR @n`anRm`n y. ovRnt anRv vQc`rky`t ev#nQ k`r\yx`ryk~ n#w. e@ls m ovRn~ bthQr v`rNyt lk~ vR "@l~dQ v#tr\lWs~ lvr\" v#nQ k^wQ q iqQrQpw~ kr vQc`rkyn~ h` a#w#m| vQt v`rN mN~dl awr a#wQ vR vQv`q @gnh#r qk~vnR a#w. ap klQn~ s[hn~ kr a#wQ "@l~dQ c#tr\lWs~ lvr\" n#m#wQ k^wQy n#gW en yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ sAs~k^wQy pQLQbQBR @k@rn~nk~ vQy. e~ sm|bn~{@yn~ eAgln~w@y~ vQk~@t`~rQy` sm`j@y~ a#wQ vR vQv`qy an~ kQsQvk~ @n` v mQy ymQn~ wQbR k@w`~lQk sAs~k^wQy h` n#MW en yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ sAs~k^wQy awr vR arglyk pQLQbQBRvk~ vQy. eAgln~w@y~ vQsR wm sAs~k^wQ@y~ vQk`Xy @w~r#m|gw~ pYbRq~{ vQc`rkyn~t "@l~dQ c#tr\lWs~ lvr\" k^wQy ekl vQk~@t`~rQy`nR sm`jyt @n` v an`gwyt ayw~ k^wQyk~ vQy. yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ sAs~k^wQy yR@r`~pyt pQtwQn~ p#mQNQ ekk~ @n` vW y. e~ bthQr sm`j@yhQ m vQk`Xkyk pYwQbQm|by vQy. e@hw~ lAk`@v| InQy` pYbRq~{yn~t ev#nQ an`gw vQk`Xyk~ g#n sQwQy h#kQ @n` @vyQ. ovRn~ qn~@n~ anRkrNy pmNkQ. ovRn~ amwk kQrW@mn~ rtt yhpw~ v`w`vrNyk~ uq` kr g#nWmt h#kQ vnR a#w. a@nk~ awt @mrt sAs~k^wQ@yhQ an`gw vQk`Xy @k@s~ sQqE vn~@n~ q yn~n pQLQb[v qL aqhsk~ @h`~ a#wQ krgn~@n~ @k@s~ q? apt kL h#k~@k~ anRkrNy pmNk~ q? a@p~ sm`j@yhQ a@p~ sm|pYq`@yhQ @k@rn vQk`Xyk~ @b`r# pYbRq~{yn~ vQsQn~ h#[Qn~@vn~@n~ a`psR y$mk~ @ls y. e@hw~ sAs~k^wQk ytw~vQjQwv`qy @h~wO@vn~ @mrt InQy` bRq~{Qmy a`{Qpw&y a#w~@w~ ovRnt y.

bthQr sm`j@yhQ vr\wm`n@yhQ @b`@h`~ vQt v`rN mN~dl n#wQ vRvw~ e~ k`r\yy vQc`rkyn~ lv` itR krg#nWmt bthQr@y`~ qnQwQ. ehQ qW vQc`rkyn~ sAs~k^wQy g#n kw` @n` krnR a#w. kl` k^wQy InQy` hRqE kl` k^wQyk~ @ls @gn vQ@v|cny krn bv kQynR a#w. psRgQy q` bthQr sAs~k^wQyt ekM @n` vR d` vQn~sQ cQwYptQy sm|bn~{@yn~ ev#nQ ww~w~vyk~ uq~gw vQy. s`hQw& kl` @k;wYvl e@s~ sQqE vn awr, a@nk~ @k;wYvl q ovRhR vQvQ{`k`r@yn~ wmn~t ahQwkr sAs~k^wWn~t e@rhQ v&`p`ry @gn ywQ. bthQryn~ vQ@X~;@yn~ m wm vQ@v|cny h` vQ@r`~{y el~l krn~@n~ mRs~lQm| sAs~k^wQyt y. eyt ek~ @h~wOvk~ nm| mRs~lQm| sAs~k^wQy q avs`n vX@yn~ gw~ kl yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ sAs~k^wQy bQhQ vR psRbQ@mhQ m bQhQ vWm y. aq bthQr jnw`v il~ln ym|kQsQvk~ qWmt mRs~lQm| sAs~k^wQyt h#kQ vW wQ@b|. yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ sAs~k^wQy, k@w`~lQk sAs~k^wQy h` mRs~lQm| sAs~k^wQy ekm mRlykQn~ p#n n#gONR sAs~k^wWn~ @v|.

k@w`~lQk sAs~k^wQ@yhQ @mn~ m mRs~lQm| sAs~k^wQ@yhQ q s`mRhQkw~vy @vyQ. sm`jy @vnRvt pRq~gly` pY{`nw~vyt pmRNRvnR l#bR@y~w~ a@nk~ ay @gn~ @vn~ krnR l#bR@v|w~ yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ sAs~k^wQy vQsQnQ. avRr#qE sQy gNnkt psRv e@s~ a@nk~ ay @gn~ @vn~ vR mQnQs` aq wmn~ @gn~ q @vn~ vWmt ptn~@gn a#w. e@s~ qE(KQw ww~w~vykt pmRNRvnR l#bR bthQryn~ in~ g#lvWm s[h` vQkl~p @s`ynR q$kgw h#kQ y. ehQ qW s`mRhQkw~vy a#wQ sAs~k^wQ ovRn~ @g~ av{`nyt lk~ @vyQ. k@w`~lQk sAs~k^wQy yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ sAs~k^wQy vQsQn~ pr`jyt pw~ @krW a#wQ b#vQn~ bthQryn~ n#vww~ yR@r`~pWy v#dvsm| k@w`~lQk sAs~k^wQyt a`psR @n` ynR a#w. evQt ek m mRl`XYvlQn~ @g`dn#gONR mRs~lQm| sAs~k^wQy @qst bthQryn~ a`kr\;Ny vWmt a#wQ idkd iw` a{Qk y. aq bthQr p`lkyn~ @v@h@sn~@n~ @m| mRs~lQm| a`kr\;Nyt e@rhQ v y. sms~w @l`~ky m gw~ kl bthQr@y`~ mRs~lQm| sAs~k^wQyt e@rhQ v bthQr a`sQy`@vhQ yRq~{ pYk`X krwQ. ovRhR wm rtvl vQvQ{ upkYm mMQn~ mRs~lQm| sAs~k^wQyt e@rhQ v kQYy` krwQ.

mh`c`r\y nlQn~ q sQl~v`