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bthQr a#sQn~ sQAhl ann&w`v

vQqEsr vQsQek~ v#nQ vQyt p` nMn~@n~ bthQryn~ q$nRm| kLmn`krNy ek~ wlyk sQt wvw~ wlykt osvn avs~}`vk y. vQqEsrt @m| vQsQ ek~ v#nQ vQy vRv q bthQryn~t @m| vQsQek~ v#nQ sQyvs @vyQ. vQsQ ek~ v#nQ sQyvs yn v&vh`ry pv` bthQr q$nRm| kLmn`krN@yhQ (a`{Qpw&@yhQ) pYwQPlyk~ @vyQ. bthQryn~ @mrtt @n` p#mQ@Nn~nt ap q$n~ sQtQn~@n~ vQsQ ek~ v#nQ sQyv@s~ @n` v vQsQ hy v#nQ sQyv@s~ y. e~ bRq~{ vr\;@ynQ. bthQryn~ ap sQyvs~ phkQn~ ps~st a#q qm` a#w. bRq~{ vr\;y anRv nm| p^wOgWsQn~ (bthQryn~) ap rtt p#mQN a#w~@w~ vQsQ ek~ v#nQ sQyv@shQ y. e@hw~ apQ wvmw~ bthQryn~t anRv vQsQ ek~ v#nQ sQyv@shQ psR @vmR!. bthQryn~ @m| vQsQ ek~ v#nQ sQyvs bvt pw~ kr a#w~@w~ svQZ`nQk v q$nRm| kLmn`krNyk~ kQrW@mn~ @n` @v|. bthQr kQYs~wQy`nQ nRwnw~v v&`p^wQ@yhQ @q~Xp`ln a`{Qpw&y yt@whQ e~ sAs~k^wQk @vns sQqE @krW a#w. aq bthQr@y`~ svQZ`nQkv m sAs~k^wQk ytw~ vQjQw v`qy @prq$rQ kr@gn q$nRm| kLmn`krNyk @yqW sQtQwQ.

bthQr kQYs~wQy`nQ nRwnw~v ytw~vQjQwv`q@yhQ pYwQPlyk~ @ls wQbR q$nRm| a`{Qpw&y e~ ytw~vQjQwv`q@yhQ sAs~k^wQk sArcky os~@s~ q$nRm| kLmn`krNyk~ vWm wvmw~ a#w~@w~ Lqr# avs~}`vk y. ym| ayRrkQn~ eyt v#dW y$mt id qEn @h`w~ ap mhw~ asWr#w`vkt pw~ vnR a#w. bthQr q$nRm| a`{Qpw&y wvmw~ pY{`n vX@yn~ m bthQr vQq&`v os~@s~ m kQYy`w~mk @vyQ. bthQr sm`jyWy vQq&`vn~t @h`~ m`nv X`s~wYvlt @h`~ wvmw~ bthQr vQq&`@v|, enm| bthQr s~v`x`vQk vQq&`vn~ @g~ (Natural Science)- ww~w~vyt pw~ vWmt @n`h#kQ vW a#w. eb#vQn~ bthQr sm`jyWy vQq&`vn~t (WSocial Science)- bthQr (s~v`x`vQk) vQq&`vn~ a`k`ryt a`{Qpw&y p#wQrvW@m| h#kQy`vk~ l#bW n#w. e@s~ vRvw~ bthQr kQYs~wQy`nQ nRwnw~v ytw~vQjQwv`qy wm a`{Qpw&y @y`q` gnQmQn~ bthQr sm`jyWy vQq&`vn~hQ wmn~t avX& mwv`qyk~ a@nk~ ay mw ptvyQ. bthQr sm`jyWy vQq&`Zyn~ e@s~ krn~@n~ kbr@g`y` wl@g`y` kr g#nW@mnQ. ap @myt kQsQ@s~w~ idqQy yRwO @n` @v|. bthQr sm`jyWy vQq&`vn~ ynR bthQr (s~v`x`vQk) vQq&`vn~ psRps @n`n~dQ gsn as`r\}k vQq&`vn~ (Failed Science)- bv axQ@y`~g`w~mk v @pn~v` qQy yRwO y.

bthQr sm`jyWy vQq&`vn~t pYX~ny vW a#w~@w~ bthQr vQq&`vn~hQ @mn~ InQy` v`s~wvQk q$nRmk~ @g`dng` g#nWmt @n`h#kQ vWm y. adR m wrmQn~ ym| k`l prQc|@C~qyk @h`~ bthQr @b`@h`~ sm`jyWy vQq&`Zyn~t ekM vQy h#kQ q$nRmk~ nQr\m`Ny kr g#nW@m| aphsRw`v @vyQ. eyt @h~wO kQhQpyk~ @vyQ. e~ @h~wO awr InQy` v`s~wvQk q$nRm pQLQb[ pYX~ny pY{`n w#nk~ gnQyQ. InQy` v`s~wvQk q$nRm @g`dng` g#nW@m| qW blp`n pY{`n s`{kyk~ vnR@y~ vQyRk~w sAkl~p nQr\m`Ny kQrWm y. bthQr (s~v`x`vQk) vQq&`vn~hQ @mn~ @n` v bthQr sm`jyWy vQq&`vn~hQ vQyRk~w sAkl~pyk~ @g`dng` g#nWmt w#w~kQrW@m| qW vQvQ{ pYX~nvlt mRhRN p$mt sQqE @vyQ.

apQ uq`hrN kQhQpyk~ gnQmR. bthQr @x_wQk vQq&`@vhQ v`yRv ynR@vn~ sAkl~pyk~ @vyQ. @mhQ qW v`yRv ynR@vn~ aqhs~ krn~@n~ ok~sQjn~ @h`~ @vnw~ ym| v`yRvk~ @h`~ @n` v o|n$ m v`yRvkQ. s`m`n&@yn~ gw @h`w~ v`yR gON y#yQ s[hn~ vn gON a#wQ vs~wOvkt v`yRvk~ y#yQ kQv h#kQ y. a#w#m| sWm` yt@w~ @b`yQl~ @g~ nQymy @m| o|n$ m v`yRvk~ s[h` vlAgO @vyQ. e~ sWm`vlQn~ pQtwt gQy kl @b`yQl~ @g~ nQym vlAgO @n` @vyQ. bthQr (s~v`x`vQk) vQq&`Z@y`~ sQylR @qn` m p`@h~ v`yRvk~ yn~@nn~ kQy#@vn~@n~ kOmk~ q yn~n pQLQb[ ekMw~vykt p#mQ@NwQ.

e@hw~ bthQr sm`jyWy vQq&`Zyn~t j`wQyk~ ynR@vn~ ymk~ pvwQn~@n~ q yn~n pQLQb[ v ekMw~vykt p#mQNWmt @n`h#kQ v a#w. e@mn~ m sAs~k^wQy yn~@nn~ kQy#@vn~@n~ kOmk~ q yn~n pQLQb[ vw~ bthQr sm`jyWy vQq&`Zyn~ awr ekMw~vyk~ n#w. j`wQyk~ ynR@vn~ sAsQq~{Qyk~ (Cy#bqp#bqb- n#w#yQ a#w#m| bthQr sm`jyWy vQq&`Zyn~ wr\k krn~@n~ j`wQykt ayw~ vQyRk~w mQnQs` nQr\vcny kQrWmt @n`h#kQ y#yQ kQymQnQ. ovRn~t anRv j`wQykt ayw~ mQnQsRn~t @p`qE vR gON h[En`gw @n`h#kQ y. e@hw~ ovRhR mQnQs` ynR@vn~ vQyRk~w sAkl~pyk~ @g`dng` gnQwQ!.

apQ uq`hrNykt sQAhlyn~ yn~n gnQmR. bthQr a#w#m| sm`j vQq&`Zyn~t anRv qkONR pL`@w~ jWvw~vn sQAhlykO @g~ x`;`v udrt sQAhl g#mQykO @g~ x`;`@vn~ @vns~ @vyQ. vcn uc|c`rNy awQn~ @mn~ m @y`q` gn~n` vcn awQn~ q ovRhR @vns~ @vwQ. e@s~ vR vQt sQAhly` ynR kvRq$yQ ovRhR pYX~n krwQ. sQAhly` ynR qkONR pL`@w~ sQAhly` q, e@s~w~ n#w~nm| udrt sQAhly` q e@s~w~ n#w~nm| vn~nQ@y~ @h`~ q$qEr# oy asbd @h`~ sQAhly` q ynR@vn~ a#w#m| bthQr sm`jyWy vQq&`Z@y`~ pYX~n krwQ. a@nk~ p#w~@wn~ ovRhR sQAhl ann&w`v kOmk~ q$yQ pYX~n krwQ. sQAhl kw` krn nQs` sQAhlykO vn~@n~ q? e@s~w~ sQAhl kw` krn ay @vnw~ vQvQ{ kOlkvlt q ayw~ vn bv ovRhR @pn~v` @qwQ. sQAhlyn~ @gn~ a#w#mkO bthQr @@vq&vr#n~ vn awr wvw~ smhr# g`yk@y`~ @vwQ. e@s~w~ n#w~nm| nWwQZ@y`~, kLmn`kr#@v`~, iAjQ@n~r#@v`~ @vwQ. e~ e~ v^w~wQ@yhQ vQvQ{ ann&w` a#w. eb#vQn~ @p`qE sQAhl ann&w`vk~ lb` gn~@n~ @k@s~ q$yQ ovRhR pYX~n krwQ.

e@hw~ @m| pYX~n a#sWm| s#m vQt m @n` kQrWmt q ovRhR vgbl` gnQwQ. e~ kbr@g`y` wl@g`y` krgnQmQnQ. bthQr sm`jyWy vQq&`Z@y`~ avs~}`v prQqQ ev#nQ kbr@g`y` wl@g`y` krg#nW@m| v&`p^wQvl @y@qwQ. sQAhl ynR@vn~ j`wQyk~ @n`m#wQ y#yQ kQyn @m| sm`jyWy vQq&`Z@y`~ InQy` jnv`r\gQk ar\bRqyk~ g#n kw` krwQ. jnv`r\gQk ar\bRqyk~ g#n kWmt jn vr\g wQbQy yRwO y. lAk`@v| nm| adR m wrmQn~ sQAhl, @qmL jnvr\g wQbQy yRwO y. eyt amwr v mRs~lQm| jn vr\gyk~ g#n q kQy#@vyQ. e@s~ nm| bthQr sm`jyWy vQq&`Zyn~t anRv sQAhl nmQn~ jn vr\gyk~ @vyQ.

sQAhl nmQn~ jn vr\gyk~ @v| nm| adR m wrmQn~ sQAhl jnv`r\gQk ann&w`vk~ a#w. e~ sQAhl jnv`r\gQk ann&w`v qkONR pL`@w~ sQAhlyn~ @g~ q, e@s~w~ n#w~nm| udrt sQAhlyn~ @g~ q @n`e@s~ nm| nRvr kl`vQ@y~ sQAhlyn~ @g~ q? p#h#qQlQ v m sQAhl jnvr\gyk~ a#w~nm| e~ @p`qE ann&w`vk~ mQs sQAhl nWwQZyn~ @g~ @h`~ sQAhl iAjQ@n~r#vn~ @g~ @h`~ qkONR pL`@w~ sQAhlyn~ @g~ @h`~ @vnw~ up kOlkyk @h`~ ann&w`v @n` @vyQ. e@s~ sQAhl jnv`r\gQk ann&w`vk~ a#w~nm| sQAhl j`wQk ann&w`vk~ n#wQ vn~@n~ a#yQ?

@m| pYX~nyt bthQr sm`jyWy vQq&`Zyn~t vQvQ{ pQLQwOr# qQy h#kQ y. j`wQyk~ vWmt jn vr\gy ik~mv` yn wvw~ nQr\N`yk spRr`lQy yRwO y yn~n ek~wr` an~qmk InQy` X`s~wYWy pQLQwOrkQ. e@hw~ ar klQn~ s[hn~ kL qkONR pL`@w~ sQAhlykO udrt sQAhlykO @gn~ @vn~ vn~@n~ y, eb#vQn~ @p`qE sQAhl ann&w`vk~ n#w a`qW kw` nm| vlAgO @n` @v|. j`wQyk~ vWm s[h` wvw~ nQr\N`yk spRr`lQy yRwO y#yQ kQy` sAgw @n` vn nQr\N`yk @gn e~m pYX~nyt pQLQwOrk~ @n` @v|. uq`hrNyk~ @ls gw @h`w~ j`wQyk~ a#wQ vQy h#k~@k~ {npwQ kYmy vr\{ny vW@mn~ psRv y ynR@vn~ a#w#m| m`k~s~v`qWn~ s[hn~ krn nQr\N`yky gnQmR. @m| nQr\N`yk@y~ pYX~nyk~ a#w. enm| j`wQyk~ a#wQ vWm s[h` {npwQ kYmy @k@wk~ vr\{ny vQy yRwO q yn~n y. e~ vr\{ny @k@wk~ q yn~n wWrNy krn~@n~ kvRq? eyt a#w~@w~ ek m pQLQwOrk~ pmNkQ. e~ bthQryn~ vQsQn~ wWrNy @k@rnR a#w.

bthQryn~t anRv j`wQk r`j& a#w. e@hw~ @mhQ j`wQk yn~n nQr\vcny kr a#w. e~ b@ln~ rQAgvn lq pqykQ. r`j&yk pRrv#sQyn~ @gn~ j`wQyk~ smn~vQw vn~@n~ y#yQ kQynR l#@byQ. j`wQy yn~n r`j&y a`XY@yn~ mQs r`j&y yn~n j`wQy a`XY@yn~ @n` kQy#@vyQ. r`j&y yn~n avs`n@y~ qW wWrNy @k@rn~@n~ ehQ vpsrQy @kwrm| qErt acl q, s~}Qr q yn~n mw y. eyt @h~wOvk~ vQy. m{& k`lWn v#dvsm| yR@r`~p@yhQ r`j&yt s~}Qr @q~X sWm` @n` vW y. rj pvRl~vl vQv`hvl qW @q~X sWm` @vns~ vR@y~ kOmrQyn~ @g~ q#v#q~qt jnw`v q smMQn~ bQm| @p@qs~ qWm nQs` y.

r`j&y e@ls s~}Qr @ls nQX~cQw v @vn~ @kr#NR xSmQ pY@q~XykQn~ smn~vQw vWm bthQr gWYk yR@qv| kQYs~wQy`nQ cQn~wnyt ekM y. bthQr kQYs~wQy`nQ nRwnw~vy vQsQn~ e@ls kYm@yn~ r`j& lkONR kQrWm sQqEvQy yRw~wkQ. {npwQ kYmy a#wQ vR@y~ q bthQr kQYs~wQy`nQ nRwnw~v@yhQ pYwQPlyk~ @ls b#vQn~ a#w#mkOt j`wQk r`j&y {npwQ kYm@yhQ pYwQPlyk~ @ls @pnW y$m n&y`nRkSl (Logical)- @n` vRvw~ e@s~ vn~@n~ a#yQ q$yQ @w~r#m| g#nWm aphsR @n` @v|. e@hw~ ihw s[hn~ prQqQ e~ os~@s~ j`wQy yn~n nQr\vcny kQrW@m| qW pYX~n mwO @vyQ. avs`n@y~ qW j`wQyk~ @v| q n#q~q yn~n wWrNy @k@rnR@y~ bthQryn~t avX& a`k`ryt y. q$nRm| a`{Qpw&y a#w~@w~ ovRn~t b#vQn~ @b`@h`~ @qn` @n`@ykOw~ @h~wO nQs` e~ pQLQgnQwQ.

lAk`@v| qW ek~@k`~ j`wQyk~ ynR@vn~ pYpAcyk~. sAsQq~{Qyk~ n#w#yQ yn ar#wQn~ n#w~nm| nQX~cQw sQAhl j`wQk ann&w`vk~ @s`y` g#nWmt n#w yn @w~r#@mn~, sQAhl j`wQyk~ @ls @n` pQLQg#nW, e@hw~ sQAhl jnvr\gyk~ a#w#yQ yn nQgmnyt bthQryn~ p#mQ@Nn~@n~ sQAhlyn~t @mrt hQmQ w#n ahQmQ kQrWm s[h` y. @qmL ynR@vn~ j`wQyk~ lAk`@v| wb` qkONR x`rw@y~ vw~ kQsQ qQ@nk wQbW n#w. e~ bv bthQr@y`~ @h`[`k`r v m qnQwQ. @qmL ynR lAk`@v| q vr\wm`n in~qQy`@v| q jn vr\gyk~ pmNkQ. eb#vQn~ bthQr@y`~ sQAhlyn~ q jn vr\gyk~ pmNk~ bvt @pn~vWmt uw~s`h krwQ. e~ s[h` avX& InQy` s`{k iqQrQpw~ krwQ. iw` p#h#qQlQ v @mhQ qW bthQr q$nRm| a`{Qpw&y kQYy`w~mk @vyQ. epmNk~ @n` v ehQ q$nRm| kLmn`krNyk~ q @vyQ. bthQryn~ yR@r`~pyt avX& a`k`ryt j`wQyk~ a#w#yQ yn q$nRm q lAk`v sh @vnw~ ev#nQ rtvlt blp`n ayRrQn~ j`wQyk~ n#w, e@hw~ jn vr\gyk~ a#w yn a`qW q$nRm q nQQr\m`Ny kr kLmn`krNy krwQ. bthQr@y`~ lAk`v v#nQ rtvlt q$nRm pmNk~ @n` v @vnw~ x`N~d apnyny kQrW@m| qW q ev#nQ pYwQpw~wQyk~ anRgmny krwQ. bthQryn~ pmNk~ @n` v ovRn~ @mn~ m v#d krn jp`ny q e@s~ kryQ. jp`ny e~ r@thQ pY@y`~jny s[h` nQ;~p`qny krn @m`~tr\ r} ap rtt apnyny @n` kryQ.

mh`c`r\y nlQn~ q sQl~v`